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Deutsche Limeskommission

Deutsche Limeskommission

57. Pförring Fort

Pförring Local Authority, Landkreis Eichstätt

Pförring Local Authority, Landkreis Eichstätt. Site of the fort and the VICUS. Embankment and hedge mark the rubble rampart of the exterior wall. Picture down - Shape of the fort and structures of serveral stone buildings inside of it.

Garrison of the Ala I Flavia Singularium between the year 100 AD and the end of the Limes. The originally timber/earth camp, by the name of Celeusum , was rebuilt in stone in the year 141 AD, according to a building inscription. The parameter walls, which are still clearly visible today, and a part of the internal masonry buildings were documented by the Reichs-Limeskommission (Fink).

The stone fort, with an area of 3.9 ha, has a nearly square ground plan (194 x 201 m), and was oriented towards the north-west. The elevation of the fort on the present-day Biburg area is clearly visible due to its embankment rises, which are up to 5 m high. A central elevation in the fort interior represents the location of the principia. Aerial photography finds show various structures of the vicus buildings around the fort. However, the total extension of the vicus, according to the distribution of find sites in the terrain, reaches far beyond the areas recognisable in the aerial photograph. The exact extent of the civilian settlement and the associated burial grounds is not known. An arterial road of the fort can be recognised in one of the elevations in the field surface of the land adjoining to the north. Another Roman road is to e found in the present-day field path to the east (towards the church of St. Stephen). A burial ground has also been demonstrated there.

The area of the archaeological monument lies today in large part in areas used for agricultural purposes. The parameter walls of the fort are covered with bushes and hedge. In front of its west corner, a modern beer cellar has been built into the defence wall of the north-east. The foundations of the east tower and the northern corner tower have been preserved, but are now severely damaged. Field brush and trees grow in some areas of the interior. Parts of the fort settlement have been built over with a highway and field paths. Inscription stones from the fort area are located in the parish church of Pförring at the south side of the Sebastian chapel.

 

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