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Deutsche Limeskommission

Deutsche Limeskommission

52. Weißenburg Fort

Weissenburg City, Landkreis Weissenburg-Gunzenhausen

Weissenburg City, Landkreis Weissenburg-Gunzenhausen. General view of the town. The site of the fort and the VICUS are in the foreground. View from the north-west. Picture down - The north-front of the fort has been rebuilt in the full height following an intensive excavation. View from north.

Weissenburg City, Landkreis Weissenburg-Gunzenhausen

Garrison of the Ala I Hispanorum Auriana between the last years of the 1st century and the end of the Limes in the middle of the 3rd century. Around 5.7 km from the later Limes line, a nearly square stone fort, with an area of 3.1 ha (170/174 x 179 m) and two outer defensive ditches, was built here around the year 150 AD, on the site of an earlier timber camp. The Roman remains of the fort and vicus in the Steinleinsfurt area were investigated by the Reichs-Limeskommission (Kohl) between 1890 and 1905, and later again by the State Office for Monument Conservation.

The fort area itself is completely preserved, and lies as an archaeological reserve area in a public park at the edge of the mediaeval town centre. The ground plan of the parameter walls and the principia of the fort are preserved. The north gate and the adjoining parts of the parameter walls were completely reconstructed in 1990.

The extensive civilian settlement of the Roman vicus extends at least 750 x 650 m within the partly densely built up area of the town. Some areas have been kept free of buildings and are accessible to the public. The preserved sections of masonry wall of the fort baths situated to the west were integrated, with a protective roof, into a much-praised museum building in the year 1985. A second museum in the town centre displays the finds from the many years of excavations in Weissenburg, including the well-known “Römerschatz” (Roman treasure).

 

 

 

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