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Deutsche Limeskommission

Deutsche Limeskommission

40. Lorch Fort

Lorch City, Ostalbkreis

Lorch City, Ostalbkreis. Town center. Site of the Roman fort. Picture down - Preserved tower of the western-gates.

Garrison of an unknown cohors quingenaria equitata. The fort was discovered at the end of the 19th century within the framework of the work of the Reichs-Limeskommission, and the dimensions established with trenches. In the 1960’s, it was possible to document the western gate of the fort. It was possible to research a section of the internal buildings within the framework of an excavation in 1986/87.

The stone fort, with an area of 2.47 ha, possessed an almost rectangular ground plan of 153.5 x 158.4 x 154 x 162.8 m. Probably because of the densely built up state of the area, it has thus far not been possible to demonstrate surrounding ditches. Only a small number of tower and gate buildings on the wall have so far been proved. Of the internal buildings, apart from slight masonry remains in the area of the principia, it is particularly the three barracks buildings from the excavation in 1986/87 which are known.

The area of the archaeological monument lies today under the centre of the mediaeval city of Lorch. However, the excavations of 1986/87 yielded a good reserve of finds preserved under c. 1.5 m of post-Roman colluvium. Above ground, only the preserved remains of the northern gate tower of the west gate are visible. The vicus, which stretched predominantly west and east from the fort, is now heavily overbuilt. However, the probable location of the fort baths in front of the east gate and existence of two cemeteries is known.




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