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Deutsche Limeskommission

Deutsche Limeskommission

41. Schirenhof Fort

City of Schwäbisch Gmünd, Ostalbkreis

City of Schwäbisch Gmünd, Ostalbkreis. Roman fort at the Schirenhof. View from south. Picture down - Preserved baths of the fort at the Schirenhof.

This fort was probably founded around the middle of the 2nd century as the garrison of the Cohors … Raetorum. The Reichs-Limeskommission researched the extent of the fort itself. In the 1970’s and 80’s, it was possible to investigate parts of the vicus buildings and a burial ground in advance of their destruction. Planned investigation and conservation of the bath house was carried out in 1972 and 1973.

The stone fort, with an area of 2 ha, has a nearly rectangular ground plan of c. 157 m x 130 m and is surrounded by three broad ditches. The fort, which is oriented towards the Limes, had four gates, one in the middle of each side, some with semi-circular gate towers projecting outwards. Towers were also located at the corners of the camp, and in the intermediate spaces. Of the internal buildings only the rear wall of the principia is known from excavation and aerial photography findings.

 The area of the archaeological monument today lies on and under the “Schirenhof”, an area which is for the most part meadowland and orchard. Only the north-west corner of the fort is overlaid by farm buildings. There are no longer any remains of the fort visible above ground. The vicus, situated to the west and south of the fort, was densely built over in the 70’s and 80’s. The excavated and preserved fort baths today lie in a small park. Indicative signboards are displayed throughout the whole area of the archaeological monument, showing the extent of the Roman settlement.

 

 

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