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Deutsche Limeskommission

Deutsche Limeskommission

33. Walldürn Fort

Walldürn City, Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis

Walldürn City, Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis. Site of the fort and the VICUS. General view looking north. Picture down - Preserved fort baths.

Garrison of an unknown unit of the size of a numerus, possibly one of the units named in an inscription on the bath house, exploratores Stu[…], Brittones gentiles or dediticii Alexandriani, probably built from the middle of the 2nd century. The fort was mentioned by Hansselmann in the 18th century, and was already investigated in the early 19th century with smaller excavations. The Reichs-Limeskommission investigated the fort and bath house very extensively. In 1972 and 1973, the fort baths were again excavated, and subsequently preserved. In the 70’s, the fort area was one of the first natural monuments in Baden-Württemberg to be taken into public ownership. In 1982 and 1983, a smaller excavation took place in the vicus area to the north of the fort, to clarify the preservation of remains severely threatened by agricultural use.

The fort, with an area of 0.8 ha and a rectangular ground plan of 96.5 x 84.3 m was surrounded by a stone defence wall, with a ditch in front of it.  Remains of a further surrounding ditch, which indicates an earlier phase of construction were situated below the wall. Four gateway passages in the middle of the sides give no indication, except for the east gate, of any demonstrable gate constructions. Apart from a few isolated post-holes, no traces of the internal buildings are so far known.

The area of the archaeological monument lies today in the agriculturally used environment east of the city of Walldürn. The fort area itself is today used as a meadow area, while the U-shaped vicus lying around the fort  also continues to be subjected to agricultural usage. The foundations of the baths complex are preserved, and can be visited as a small open-air installation.

 

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