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Deutsche Limeskommission

Deutsche Limeskommission

19. Inheiden Fort

Hungen City, Inheiden Borough, Landkreis Giessen

Hungen City, Inheiden Borough, Landkreis Giessen. View from the VICUS to the fort site. Picture down - Southern gates of the fort and the central part of the VICUS.

Garrison of an unknown numerus. The stone fort, with an area of 1.1 ha, had a rectangular ground plan, four gates, and was surrounded by two ditches. Aerial photographs show numerous stone buildings in the interior, including the principia. Located on the same site was an earlier fort (0.7 ha) with a nearly square defence wall of timber and earth. It was surrounded by a ditch, and probably possessed only one gate. The camp village extended to the west, the east, and particularly to the south. Here was situated the road which led from the porta praetoria to the Echzell fort. To both sides of it, buildings were strung together, some of them large. At the southern edge of the buildings, a graveyard adjoined.

Two older forts, probably from the end of the 1st century and the first half of the 2nd century, were established to the west of the stone fort. One installation was situated directly in front of the western wall, the other at a distance of 300 m. The earlier installations had surrounding defences of timber and earth, and were surrounded in one case by one ditch, and in the other by two. The internal buildings of both installations are unknown. They were first discovered in 1985 and 1986 through aerial photography.

The only extensive excavation in 1885 did not provide any clear picture of the ground plan of the fort. It was not until the aerial photography of recent decades that we came to know of the fort location. In 1976, a stone building in the camp village was excavated.

The remains of the fort are located in an area of fields. Apart from a few meadows, the area of the camp village is also in fields. Only the southern border of the camp village may partly be built over with allotments. The burial ground is for the most part overbuilt with allotments and a part destroyed by lignite mining. A railway line crosses the ancient settlement area.

 

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