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Deutsche Limeskommission

Deutsche Limeskommission

16. Friedberg Fort

Friedberg City (Hessen), Wetteraukreis

Friedberg City (Hessen), Wetteraukreis. Site of the former fort. View from the south. Picture down - Preserved fort baths in the Burggymnasium.

In the middle of the Wetterau, the Friedberg Burgberg stands out from the plain. Military camps were built on the heights in the early imperial period, and under the Flavian emperors. Even when the Limes was erected on the fringe of the Wetterau, the military location remained important right up until the abandonment of the Limes. At this time, the Cohors I Flavia Damascenorum milliaria equitata sagittariorum was stationed here. The fort is not known. It was largely destroyed in the building of the mediaeval fastness. The fort will have been around 4 ha, about the same size as the mediaeval fortress. Of the internal buildings, baths are known of, which probably belonged to the house of the troop commander. The large camp village extended to the south. Many roads meet here, at the centre of the Wetterau. For this reason, there was a station of the beneficiarii here. Shrines to the god Mithras have also been discovered. We also know of potter’s kilns. In addition to this, the manufacture of bricks has been demonstrated.

Two burial grounds adjoining to the south are known.

The only large-scale excavations on the Burgberg were carried out by the Reichs-Limeskommission in 1894. The small baths were discovered in excavations in 1963.

The area of the fort was built over with the mediaeval fortress. In the Middle Ages, the city with its densely packed buildings developed on the site of the camp village. The only visible remains are the baths in the underground floor of the fortress high school, which can be seen from outside through large glass panes. However, the continuity of the structure of the settlement, which is determined by the topography, is impressive. The fortifications were located on the spur of the hill, and the road led from the main gate towards the south. On this, the present-day Kaiserstrasse, there are houses on both sides, as there were in Roman times.

 

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