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Deutsche Limeskommission

Deutsche Limeskommission

2. Niederbiber fort site

Neuwied City - Niederbieber-Segendorf Area, Kreis Neuwied

Neuwied - Niederbieber, Kreis Neuwied. Limes-line and shape of the fort at Niederbieber. Picture down - Preserved walls of the fort baths.

Garrison of the Numerus Exploratorum Garmanicianorum Divitiensium and the Numerus Brittonum between the end of the 2nd and the middle of the 3rd century.  In the time of the Reichs-Limeskommission, the fort still lay in open fields, and its interior was also extensively researched (cf. ORL B Vol. 1 No. 1a, Tbl. 2). After 1960, numerous salvage operations took place on the site of the fort as houses were built or channel trenches were laid. The camp village was uncovered between 1965 and 1974 during the large-area pumice mining and was investigated in conjunction with the digging.

The 5.2 ha stone fort, with a rectangular ground plan of c. 165 m x 198 m, was surrounded by a 6 m wide V-shaped ditch. Inside, the principia were located centrally, with rectangular storage buildings to either side and baths in the northern half of the fort. In the southern area of the fort, remains of timber barracks and hearths were found.

The area of the archaeological monument, to the north-east of the present-day town centre, has been built over, principally with detached houses and gardens. Remains are still present, both within the fort area itself, and also to the south and west, in areas where cellars were not included in building. However, large-scale pumice mining has taken place in the area of the fort village, which adjoins, to the north and to the east and it has thus been destroyed. The preserved foundation walls of the fort baths and the northern access gate are visible.

 

 

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